February 25, 2009

Yosh Energy: Renewable Energy in Malaysia, Bakun Hydroelectric

THERE are many types of renewable energy that are potentially to be develop and been commercial. there are hydropower, wind-power, solar energy, biomass, thermak energy, wave and tidal energy and fuel cells. Malaysia itself has approximately 20 power plants at the peninsular. 11 out of them are the hydro power plants. these large numbers been influenced by the country climate and its geographical demography.

Malaysia are currently attempts to finish the Bakun Hydroelectric Project, located in Sarawak (Island of Borneo) on the Balui River west of Belaga (some 37 km upstream of Belaga). It will have the tallest concrete forced rock fill dam in the world with a length of crest of 740 metres, a base width of 560 metres and a crest width of 12 metres. this would be the largest dam in Asia outside China. it will flood 69, 640 hectares of land, an area bigger than Singapore. this area is presently being clear-cut. its catchment area is over 1.5 million hectares of mainly primary forest. 51% of the land of the reservoir area is Native Customary Land (meaning it is legally owned by the indigenous communities).

Bakun Hydroelectric will generate 2400 MW (8 *360 MVA generators) once completed. at least 70% of this will be transmitted to Peninsular Malaysia. there will be 730 km of HVDC line in East Malaysia, 670 km of undersea HVDC and 300 km of HVDC transmission lines in the Peninsular Malaysia. first attempt to build this station was in 1960, then 1986 then 2003. it will cost USD 2.4 billion. the target is to start in 2012 (initially scheduled on 2003).

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